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1. Chappell H. Dialect grammar in two early Southern Min texts // Journal of Chinese Linguistics. 2000. Vol. 28. № 2 Southern Min is a major Chinese language of wider communication in many countries of Southeast Asia with a conservative estimate of seven million speakers in this region, the result of a gradual, centuries-long diaspora from China. This estimate includes the three main varieties of Hokkien, Teochew and Hainanese. In this chapter, we present an overview of the main features of the grammar of Hokkien, focusing on aspects of its phonology, morphology and syntax which are distinct from standard Mandarin, while highlighting features that it shares with other languages of the Southeast Asian area. 2. Yue-Hashimoto A. Stratification in comparative dialectal grammar: a case in southern Min // Journal of Chinese Linguistics. 1991. Vol. 19. № 2 This analysis includes a description of language contact phenomena such as stratification, hybridization and convergence for Sinitic languages. It also presents typologically unusual grammatical features for Sinitic such as double patient constructions, negative existential constructions and agentive adversative passives, while tracing the development of complementizers and diminutives and demarcating the extent of their use across Sinitic and the Sinospheric zone. Both these kinds of data are then used to explore the issue of the adequacy of the comparative method to model linguistic relationships inside and outside of the Sinitic family. It is argued that any adequate explanation of language family formation and development needs to take into account these different kinds of evidence (or counter-evidence) in modeling genetic relationships.
3. Northern Min tone values and the reconstruction of "softened initials" Zev Handel A peculiar feature of some Northern Min dialects is the presence of voiced sonorants (or the zero initial) corresponding to initial obstruents both in other Chinese dialects and in the traditional framework of medieval Chinese phonology.1 These initials are found corresponding to both the medieval qing (voiceless unaspirated) and quanzhuo (voiced) obstruent initials. For example, compare the pronunciations of the following words in the Northern Min dialect Jianyang and the Eastern Min dialect Fuzhou 4. The Zhongxian (中仙 ) Min Dialect: A Preliminary Study of Language Contact and Stratum-Formation Rongbin Zheng The Ohio State University Previous studies on the historical strata of the Min dialects mostly focused on the sub-stratum of the languages and their relations with the Wu dialects. There are two views that are generally accepted: 1) the aboriginal population of the Min area was the Min-Yue people, whose language formed the Min substratum; 2) the Min dialects and the ancient Wu dialects are closely connected. Some Wu dialect elements have been retained in the Min language and formed another layer. In this paper, I will discuss these two layers in the Zhongxian subdialect of Min, and will provide examples from those two strata. The paper will also discuss a more recent stratum that is in the process of formation that is the result of influence from the official language, Putonghua
Medhurst W.H. A dictionary of the Hok-këèn dialect of the Chinese language. Macao, 1832
Maclay R.S., Baldwin C.C., Leger S.H. Dictionary of the Foochow dialect. 3rd ed. Shanghai, 1929
Douglas C., Barclay T. Chinese-English dictionary of the vernacular or spoken language of Amoy. Taipei, 1990
Campbell W. A dictionary of the Amoy vernacular. Tainan, 2006
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