This article is devoted to the analysis of the cultural and philosophical foundations of traditional Chinese medicine. The dialectical relationship of philosophy and medicine of Ancient China is revealed. The creative heritage of Chinese thinkers who have influenced the development of medical knowledge is studied. The basic facts of their biography are considered. The historical origins of the formation of medical and philosophical concepts are investigated. Their revolutionary influence on the development of alchemy and pharmacology is noted. The main philosophical treatises on the art of healing are highlighted. The idea that philosophy is the basis of medicine is grounded.