This article is the second one in a series of articles devoted to understanding the problems of peace, war, and army in the philosophy of the Ancient World. In the first article the views of Ancient Indian thinkers on peace, war and army were considered. Continuing the conversation, the author refers to the philosophical heritage of Ancient China. The problems of peace, war and army were actively discussed by the thinkers of Ancient China. The increased interest in this topic is due to the fact, that many philosophers were in the public service and were directly involved in the management of the affairs of the state and society. Steady attention of the Ancient Chinese thought to military-philosophical problems is caused by two more factors: first, centuries-old history of China knew the periods of decentralization and the most severe wars between separate kingdoms, a habitual element of political life of the Chinese society were revolts and mass armed performances against the power; secondly, “celestial Empire” was exposed to powerful military pressure from the outside from the neighboring states and nomads. The author introduces readers to the military-philosophical ideas and concepts that have arisen within the framework of various philosophical schools (Confucianism, Moism, Legalism, Taoism). The main attention is paid to the analysis of the basic ideas of the independent direction of Chinese philosophy – the military school “Bin-Jia”, set out in the treatise “Sun Tzu”. Chinese philosophers are the authors of many original ideas. Their contribution to the development of the philosophy of peace, war and army is huge. Many military-philosophical ideas of Ancient China largely anticipated the relevant ideas of Western thinkers.