Today Australia is a multinational country. One of the reasons is the policy of multiculturalism. But it was not always so. At the initial stage of the settlement of the continent, only 2% of free residents wishing to relocate. As a result, the British government was forced to send prisoners in order to at least somehow gain a foothold in these lands. The picture began to change only in the middle of the century. One of the reasons was gold. In the 50s of the XIX century it was found on the continent. The precious metal attracted not only Europeans, but also Asians, especially the Chinese, who began to export it from the country. Soon the mass immigration process began. Most of the population is Europeans, who were not satisfied with such an active process of migration of Asians to the continent. In response to this, the states began to introduce laws that restricted coolie entry into Australia, which markedly reduced the Chinese population on the continent. This policy continued until the end of World War II. In the 1970s, all laws were revised and the “migration laws” were replaced by a policy of multiculturalism.