The author argues that Hakka and southern Gan are sister dialects, as they share several innovations not found elsewhere; that they arose out of the Chinese dialect spoken in central Jiangxi in Song times, a stratified dialect which included a non-Chinese substratum, probably Miao-Yao; an archaic layer; and a more recent layer with an important Late Middle Chinese component. It is claimed that the linguistic boundary between southern Gan and Hakka arose secondarily due to the effect of an old administrative and geographical boundary. It is also argued that Hakka devoicing took place in the south, when Hakka was in contact with the MiaoYao language She, and that the old dialect of the city of Ganzhou may have played an important role in the formation of Hakka.
Annotation: The Chinese language possesses large dialects and dialect groups. Linguistic scholars often turn to comparative studies, comparing a particular dialect with Mandarin. Phonetic, lexical, morphological and grammatical features are also investigated. This article will examine the lexical features of one of the main dialects of the Chinese language – the Hakka dialect.
Description: The work consists of six chapters, a data appendix of 1368 cognate sets and reconstructed forms, and an index to the text proper. The first chapter introduces background, methodology, and the specific materials to be used. The second, third, and fourth chapters deal with syllable initials, syllable finals, and tones respectively. The fifth chapter is concerned with dialect lexicon and the problems involved in reconstruction of full lexical forms, as opposed to single syllables. The sixth and final chapter discusses relevant Hakka historical and demographic questions, specific historical phonological problems, and possible avenues for future research in the history of the Hakka dialects.
This article aims to identify the phonetic and lexical aspects of the Xinzhu Hakka languages influenced by the strong local dialects, and to explore the possible original form of Xinzhu Hakka in the early Qing dynasty.
A short review about a lecture by Professor Liu Zhenfa, who spoke about the Hakka dialect and culture.