A synchronic and diachronic study of the grammar of the Chinese Xiang Dialects by Yunji Wu
This is the first book in Chinese linguistics which discusses the grammar of a dialect group, in this case the Xiang dialect spoken in Hunan, from both a synchronic and diachronic prespective. The author uses new data and new frameworks to present her analysis. The synchronic part covers contemporary grammar across localities within the Xiang-speaking area by using the methods and theories of comparative and typological linguistics. The diachronic analysis reconstructs earlier grammatical systems based mainly on modern data but also on historical written records, and analyses the development of the syntactic systems of the Xiang dialects, adopting the methods and theories of historical linguistics and grammaticalization. The discussions in this book raise new issues on dialect research which have not yet been fully acknowledged by Chinese dialectologists. The author shows, for example, how the earlier layers of grammar may be reconstructed on the basis of modern data, and how the path of grammaticalization of functional words may be traced. The discussions reveal that the Xiang dialect group forms a transitional zone between northern and southern dialects. The syntactic constructions in these two areas often co-exist or are mingled in Xiang. Thus, the grammatical constructions in different localities of the Xiang dialect group often provide a bridge connecting the constructions of northern and southern Chinese, or Modern Chinese and Chinese of earlier periods. This book is of interest to scholars and students who are working on grammar, dialectology, historical linguistics, comparative linguistics, typological linguistics, and grammaticalization, as well as those researchers focusing on language policy, language acquisition, and education.湘语语法研究 The study of the grammar of the Xiang dialect
«卢小群完成湘语语法研究» focuses on the following aspects:
1. General discussion. Author looks back at the history of Xiang dialect and current status of the study of Xiang grammar.
2. Word Formation. Gives a comprehensive look at grammatical word forms, systems of pronouns, prepositions, quantifiers, real-time negation, noun-temporatives, noun-directives, etc.
3. Syntax. Syntactic features of the Xiang dialect such as word order, disposition, passive turns, interrogative, comparative sentences and sentences with an "allow" component. Since the old generation of linguists, such as Zhao Yuanren began the annual study of the Hunan dialect, the study of the Xiang dialect has made great progress, but the results of the study of Xiang dialect are mainly achieved in phonetics and lexis, as for grammar, except for a few areas where deeper research has been done, most of the grammar material remains unstudied.
The study of the grammar of the Xiang dialect is of special and great importance because of the peculiar nature of the Xiang dialect itself: it is closely related to both northern and southern dialects, and is a kind of a transitional dialect, so its in-depth study will not only help to draw extensive conclusions on dialect interactions, but is also very important and valuable in revealing common and different features of northern and southern dialects.
Lu Xiaoqun, born in April l964, is a native of Huarong, Hunan. He is a professor at the School of Literature and Journalism and Communication of Central Pinyin University, a postdoctoral fellow at the Institute of Linguistics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and a member of the Chinese Linguistic Society and the National Chinese Dialect Society. He is a member of the Chinese Linguistic Society and the National Chinese Dialect Society. He has been teaching and researching Chinese Linguistics and Sociolinguistics in universities for a long time.
He has published monographs such as «Jiahe dialect research», «Xiangnan dialect pronoun research» and «Modern Copywriting Art». He presided over and participated in several provincial and national social science fund projects; he has published dozens of papers in dialects, opening and other domestic and foreign journals. The first chapter is the affixes of Xiang language.
- The content of word formation of "子" suffix
(1) N(thing) + 子
The Xiang language is often suffixed with "子" for small things, such as stars, lightning, weather, wind and rain, snow and ice, fields, plants, houses and so on. For example:Stars
：星子(Changsha) 星子(Shaoshan)、星子(Yiyang) 星子(Hengyang)、星子(Qiyang) 星子(Xinhua)、星子(Hengshan) 星子(Lianyuan)、星子(Loudi) 星子(Xupu)。Rain
Note: some of the southern and western districts asShaoyang, Qiyang, Xinhua and Shupu do not use the "子" suffix. For example, Shaoyang, Xinhua and Qiyang use the word "小雨", while Xupu uses the word "儿儿雨".Snow