Based on a wide range of sources, the article analyzes the impact of China's trade and economic relations with the United States. Several periods of interaction between countries after the end of World War II are considered. Special attention is paid to the period of restoration of diplomatic relations since 1979. Based on various sources and historiography, the author analyzes the researchers' points of view on the impact of economic issues on the relations between the two countries. In the course of the research, the author came to the conclusion that an important aspect in the direction of the foreign economic policy of the People’s Republic of China in the first post-war years was the ideological factor. The article presents an analysis of changes in the vector of China's foreign policy in different periods. The main ways of interaction between the United States and China are described, depending on changing foreign policy doctrines. The reforms launched in 1978 provided China with economic growth and a growing prestige on the world stage, which is still present today. The rapprochement between the United States and China after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 brought certain economic benefits for the two countries. However, the aggravation of relations between the countries in the new Millennium provides an opportunity for new assessments of the PRC's position on the world stage. Trump’s coming to power in the United States is regarded as an economic war between the two countries. China's increased investment capacity and technological independence make it an attractive partner for other countries, which in turn has a negative impact on trade with America. The most important thing in this situation is the fact that the globalization of the world economy caused by scientific and technological progress, including the rather close interweaving of the US and Chinese economies, contradicts the national interests of both countries, which are trying to strengthen their positions and role in the world economy. Based on the analyzed material, the author comes to the conclusion that recently the foreign policy relations between China and the United States directly depend on the economic interests of the parties.
本文基于广泛的资料来源，分析了中国与美国贸易和经济关系的影响。考虑了第二次世界大战结束后国家之间的互动时期。 1979年以来，外交关系特别受到关注。作者根据各种资料和史学，分析了研究人员关于经济问题对两国关系的影响的观点。在研究过程中，作者得出的结论是，战后第一年中华人民共和国对外经济政策方向的一个重要方面是意识形态因素。本文分析了不同时期中国外交政策载体的变化。描述了中美之间互动的主要方式，这取决于不断变化的外交政策学说。 1978年开始的改革为中国提供了经济增长和在世界舞台上不断增长的声望，而这一点在今天仍然存在。 1991年苏联解体后，中美和睦相处为两国带来了一定的经济利益。然而，新千年国家关系的恶化为重新评估中国在世界舞台上的地位提供了机会。特朗普在美国上台被认为是两国之间的经济战争。中国不断增长的投资能力和技术独立性使其成为其他国家的有吸引力的合作伙伴，这反过来又对与美国的贸易产生了负面影响。在这种情况下，最重要的是，由于科学技术进步引起的世界经济全球化，包括中美两国经济的紧密交织，与两国都在试图加强其国家利益的国家利益相抵触。在世界经济中的地位和作用。根据分析的资料，作者得出的结论是，最近中美之间的外交政策关系直接取决于当事方的经济利益。