The article examines the history of the birth of Nianhua, as one of the main areas of folk art and the main factors that influenced the flowering of Nianhua in China during the rule of the Qing dynasty (1644-1911). Traced a brief history of the collection. Interest in the Chinese folk painting - Nianhua is relevant not only in the museological aspect, despite the fact that even in large domestic museums the Nianhua collections are not fully understood and not fully published. Nianhua plays an important role in studying the history, folk traditions, religious beliefs of China, and also is of great importance for the future generation, as it is a legacy of Chinese national culture and visual arts.
本文考察了念化的诞生历史，它是民间艺术的主要领域之一，也是影响清朝（1644-1911）统治下念化在中国开花的主要因素。 追溯了收藏的简要历史。 对中国民间绘画的兴趣-年华不仅在博物馆学方面也很重要，尽管事实上，即使在大型的国内博物馆中，年华藏品也不被充分理解和出版。 年华在研究中国的历史，民间传统，宗教信仰方面发挥着重要作用，对中国的后代也具有重要意义，因为它是中华民族文化和视觉艺术的遗产。