The article investigates the issues related to the fulfillment of international obligations, disclosure of environmental information, tax regulation, and the mechanism for polluter liability. A study of the Chinese legislation demonstrated that, in general, it complies with international environmental standards. On the one hand, environmental protection is ensured; on the other hand, sustainable economic development is guaranteed. The main difficulties in implementing an effective environmental policy in China are related to institutional problems, which are manifested in insufficient interaction with local authorities. At the provincial level, economic feasibility is given priority, even if it leads to a violation of the law and environmental harm.