Since ancient times, the family in China was considered the most important social institution, marriage and family were regarded as private space, and the state interfered in that sphere of social relations only in the commission of crimes. After the formation of the People's Republic of China, the first legislative act of the Central People’s Government of China was the Marriage Law of May 1, 1950, reflecting the legislative experience of the USSR. Currently, the Marriage Act of 1980 is in force (amended in 2001). The family in China, as in most countries of the world, changes its form and content. The system of traditional values, consisting of the authority of parents, relatives, loses its former meaning. In a post-industrial society, a woman has become economically independent. The acquisition of independent social status, the choice of a life path, began to play an important role. The transformation of the traditional family in China leads to the need for the spouses’ property issues regulation.