The article is devoted to the history of Buddhism in China during the period of the Southern and Northern Kingdoms (Nanbeichao, 386-589). The features of the development of Buddhism in the North and South are shown. Three aspects were identified: 1) the attitude of emperors of kingdoms to Buddhism; 2) the relationship of the state apparatus and the Buddhist sangha; 3) the process of further development of Buddhism in China in the context of its adaptation to the Chinese mentality, formed on the basis of the traditional worldview. It was revealed that Buddhism in the context of its adaptation to the Chinese mentality, both in the North and in the South, developed with the traditions of Buddhism of the Eastern Jin period to the same extent.
本文专门介绍南朝和北朝（386-589）中国佛教的历史。展示了佛教在北方和南方的发展特点，突出了佛教发展的三个方面：1）诸天皇对佛教的态度； 2）国家机关与佛教僧伽的关系； 3）在传统的世界观基础上，佛教在适应中国思想的背景下在中国进一步发展的过程。据揭示，佛教在适应北方和南方的中国思想的背景下，在东晋时期佛教传统的主流中也同样发展。