The article lists the milestones of the “State and Society in China” annual conference since 1970 traditionally held by the China Department of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow). This is Russia’s most prominent Sinological conference. Within the three days, scholars discuss various issues of history, philosophy, politics, the law in medieval and modern China. Regardless of the outbreak of the COVID-19 the 50th anniversary conference (December 23-25, 2020) was still held in Moscow, however, online. The conference was held as part of the implementation of the action plan of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation of the cross years of Russian-Chinese Scientific, Technical and Innovative Cooperation. The article also comprises a brief overview of the last event and summarizes the results of the conference materials published in the collection under the joint title “State and Society in China” from 1970 to 2020.