The article discusses ways of protection the interests of the defendant in civil proceedings in China. The purpose of this study is to identify methods of protection and their distinctive features. Based on the analysis of Chinese procedural legislation, it was concluded that there are two ways to protect the interests of the defendant - filing objections and counterclaim. The purpose of the objection is to recognize the plaintiff's claim as unfounded, as well as a statement of violation of procedural procedure. A counterclaim is an independent claim filed by the defendant in an existing process for joint consideration with the plaintiff's original claim.