In the formation of creative personality of particular importance is the consideration of decorative and applied art as an inexhaustible source of spiritual, moral and aesthetic values, allowing to educate the culture of contemplation of reality, to develop a creative attitude towards it. Introduction to the decorative art helps to understand the uniqueness of the art of his native land, to understand its specifics. Therefore, we consider the national dress of the Uighurs as an object that captures the traditions and features of the culture of the Chinese people. Clothes and ornaments depicted on it are those elements of culture and history that were created and transformed over the centuries. With the development of society, the transformation of economic, political and social systems, improving the level and quality of life, there have been significant transformations in the choice of type and style of clothing. Certain national preferences in the choice of clothes and the creation of ornaments were formed under the influence of many factors, including climatic conditions, cultural aspects, as well as functional, aesthetic and hygienic requirements. In recent years, the attention of researchers is increasingly paid to the study of different elements of Chinese culture and individual ethnic groups in the field of artistic textiles and costume. First of all, this is due to the fact that in the Chinese clothing industry there have been huge changes in style, color, decorative patterns, due to the particularly active development and transformation of China in all spheres of activity. This article discusses the ornaments and national costumes that are characteristic of the Uighurs living in the Xinjiang region of China. Throughout history, Uighur costumes differed in many ways: color scheme, ornament, shape and material.