With the acceleration of global economic development and urbanization, family patterns and housing needs are constantly changing. In recent years, the aging situation of the world's population has been grim. In the context of volatile housing prices, the demand for cohabitation has increased over many generations. At the same time, the question of how housing can meet the changing needs of housing has also become a new problem. However, in collective residential development, Developers are more concerned with the speed and quantity of construction, Designers still delay the old way of thinking, making many sets can not do well. meet existing needs, but cannot adapt to future changes in the needs of residents. Based on these phenomena, this article examined the adaptability of residential kits, hoping to provide some reference to the design of residential kits to improve the quality of life of the residents. Improve the quality of life of the residents. First of all, the adaptive design of western houses is studied. Through literature research and case studies, this document combes the development process of Western Residential Responsive Design and summarizes the experience of Western Residential Responsive Design. Taking into account, in particular, the cultural traditions of Japan and China, Ideas and ideas, lifestyle and other aspects have similarities, analyzed and summarized the concepts and methods of adaptive design of residential buildings of two generations in Japan. Secondly, through research and research, this paper analyzes the lack of adaptability between the interior space and the overall set of residential buildings in the current market. At the same time, he analyzes the living conditions and the corresponding needs of the family at different stages of the family's life cycle. In a summary of the western experience and the status quo in our country, Based on the demand analysis, this article will discuss the key points of the adaptive design of residential kits, divided into two parts: space and grommet. On the one hand, in terms of moving the partition, reserving the doorway and flexible design space, the adaptive design points are given in terms of spatial relationships and layout in a package. On the other hand, from the aspects of changing the split, merging and splitting of the bushings between the bushings, the adaptability between the common bushings is analyzed and the points of adaptive design between the bushings are advanced. Finally, the research findings will be applied to the Shanghai Greenland William House, a 100-year-old residential demonstration project. Taking into account the century-old residential large-scale spatial structure system and embedded separation and other technologies, Explore a set of adaptive design patterns at different stages of the family life cycle.