The volatile situation in the Far East had necessitated joint efforts between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the military command to conduct intelligence in China's border territories. Russian consuls, in particular in Xinjiang, played significant role in this process. According to a new archival documents from the St. Petersburg branch of the Archive of Russian Academy of Sciences (Fond of S.F. Oldenburg), Russian diplomats were considering the possibility that Xinjiang could become a way of moving troops to one of the combat fronts. In the end, fears of ending up in the territory of the fighting led to the end of works of the Second Russian Turkestan expedition.