The article is devoted to the genesis and development of ancient Chinese doctrine of legalism. Followers of this doctrine was proposed a new model of legal being and the concept of management of China, that consisted in absolutization of law. The interest of authors to the legalism in Ancient China is substantiated by the exploring that doctrine will allow to estimate modern and prospective trends of the developing of Chinese state, because legalism is one of the main parts of the Chinese jurisprudence. Nowadays China is stay on the way of modernization that closely connected with ancient Chinese legal doctrines, that have an idea of refreshing and improving of country into the harmonious state. Legalism still have leading positioning in the Chinese jurisprudence.