The article reviewed questions connected with emergence of the new social-cultural event in China in the early 20th century - women's participation in literary process of the country. When the women's rights movements (女权) began it had subsequently led to the poetesses' replacing by prose authoresses (the former ones were traditional for medieval China). The foundation of the movement was laid by articles about the European emancipation published in Japanese, later in Chinese, magazines. The article concludes that participation in the periodicals focused on female audience in which publishers, authors and editors were not only men, but also women, became the next stage on the way of involvement of Chinese women into literary process. The author focuses the main attention on the creative work of the translator and editor Kang Youwei, editor of the "Woman`s Education" newspaper ("女学报") as well as on work of Qiu Jin, who was a poetess and a publicist.