In article an attempt of the analysis of the reasons, the beginning and the course of a revolt of 1916 on materials of the Semipalatinsk region is made at first time. The strategy of survival of Kazakhs (escape to China), process of their repatriation was analyzed. In article the author answers a question how decided the fate of refugees during negotiations of China and Imperial Russia. At last the author tries to show a fate of the repatriates who were violently returned to Kazakhstan. Features, position of the Kazakhs of the Semipalatinsk region mobilized for rear works, owing to the taken place events of 1916, appeared in the barracks of the mobilization points and which were not sent for rear works are shown.