Article is devoted to the sociological analysis of popularity of Chinese in Russia. Author pay attention to the population relation to studying and the most important problems of teaching Chinese in Russia. Questions of importance of studying of Chinese by the Russian citizens and detection of need for studying of Chinese are brought up. According to polls of the teachers, translators and experts with knowledge of Chinese living in various regions of the Russian Federation features of training, employment and career of the persons knowing Chinese are revealed. Author give figures about level of proficiency in language, demand of Sinologues and focus attention on the most important problems of teaching and studying of Chinese in Russia.