This article devoted to XIX Chinese Communist Party Congress and to the effects of this event for China internal and foreign policy. As the result of the Congress, the Chinese leaders headed by Xi Jinping were able to solve the problems of power consolidation, overcoming internal struggle and strengthening the authority of the Communist party, as well as to increase China's influence in the world scene. The concept of «common future of mankind» has been put forward as an ideological basis of Chinese foreign policy. Author makes the conclusion that the substantial changes in China's foreign policy are improbable. Beijing will guided as always by the principle of non-interference in international affairs and peaceful resolution of conflicts by negotiations. At the same time, China intends to strengthen its military power, international positions and defend its interests where they are threatened. There are also reasons to suppose that after the congress China will keep and probably intensify attention to Africa.