The profound social and political changes that took place in China at the turn of the 19th century led to a significant reappraisal of spiritual and aesthetic values in the society. The Western culture infiltration contributed to the reform movement and encouraged new trends in the Chinese visual arts. The artists who returned to China after studying abroad created various associations and art schools. They tried to find new forms and merge the heritage of traditional Chinese painting with the achievements of Western art. In the beginning of the 20th century Beijing becomes the center of social transformation in China and the source of a new cultural movement.
19世纪初，中国发生了深刻的社会和政治变革，导致对社会精神和美学价值的重大重新评估。 西方文化的渗透为改革运动做出了贡献，并激发了中国视觉艺术的新趋势。 出国留学后回到中国的艺术家创立了各种协会和艺术学校。 他们试图寻找新的形式，并将中国传统绘画的遗产与西方艺术的成就相融合。 在20世纪初，北京成为中国社会转型的中心和新文化运动的起源。