.In the article the most interesting question of kind images in the traditional culture and art of China is considered. The traditional Chinese art focused on the relations of the world and the person visualizes metaphorical details, canonizes separate signs, images, their subject associations, forming the images confirming natural aspiration fortunately and to longevity. All works containing wishful thinking (regardless of a way of creation) bear in themselves a certain function: protection, protection, a charm, the clemencies of a wish (symbolically hidden, but in large quantities well-known due to availability of a plot) which sooner or later are mentioned in similar cases. The phenomenon of the wishful thinking of images consists that, being the phenomenon of traditional art, it is significant in everyday life and spirituality of the person. Art practice of wishful thinking is capable of giving to the person esthetic and moral satisfaction, connecting all feelings of life in the creative process. Forms of visualization of the concept "wishful thinking" of Russia and China take an important place in the traditional culture of society as they assume regulations of relationship between people, finding the social statuses and roles. The relevance of a research is decided by both expansion and strengthening of international relations of Russia and China in which the dominating part is assigned to kind forms of communication.