The article is devoted to precedent phenomena, which in its content is a certain complex image, a complex representation, which is understandable when appealing to it, does not require decipherments and explanations, but which is often difficult to briefly explain, for example, to a foreigner. All this makes us talk about precedent phenomena (precedent names, texts, situations and statements) as discursive units, that is, units that combine language and culture in their active interaction. Precedent phenomena determine ethnocultural specificity, reflecting the history and culture of the people, national character. Precedent in every society are only those phenomena that correspond to its moral values and worldview. The author believes that the precedent phenomena of the Chinese-language cultural space should always be an important component in the study of the Chinese language and China.