The connection between the concepts of zhi and wen in “Discourses weighed” by Wang Chong (I century AD). The article is dedicated to thoughts of Wang Chong (I century A.D.) about literature, to the connection of such concepts as the nature-xing, will-zhi and literature-wen. The author also examines the preceding tradition, analyzing in detail the interpretation of similar concepts by the Mengzi, with whom Wang Chong polemicizes in Lunheng. The author also examines several chapters from Lunheng (“Discourses weighed”), translated by the author into Russian – “Ziran pian”, “Duzuo pian”, “Chaoqi pian”, “Anshu pian”, “Shujie pian”, “Xushu pian”, “Yizeng pian”. In these chapters, Wang Chong not only gives his own ideas, but also analyzes the thoughts of his predecessors. However, in this article, Wang Chong’s specific philosophical views are partially considered, and the main object of analysis is how philosophical ideas influence his literary thought.