The paper presents a description of the main trends in the development of mainland Chinese literature during the period from the founding of the PRC up to nowadays, covering a period of seventy years. Throughout this time, Chinese prose, poetry, and drama were directly dependent on changes in cultural policies authorized by the CCP. Brief “thaws” were followed by reaction. Since the early 1990s commercialization had also begun to influence the literary world. Against the background of the growing openness of Chinese society Chinese literature has gradually entered the global literary scene.
本文介绍了从1949年（中华人民共和国成立）至今70多年来中国大陆文学发展的主要趋势。 在整个这段时间里，中国的散文，诗歌和戏剧与中共授权的文化政策变化成正比。 “解冻”被反应阶段所取代； 从1990年代初期开始，商品化开始影响文学。 在中国社会日益开放的背景下，中国文学逐渐融入了全球文学进程。