The history of Russian translated literature in Taiwan has lasted for 100 years. This history is not as long as the history of Russian translated literature in mainland China, but it is no doubt rather difficult. Taiwan has been influenced by external political factors from China, Japan or the United States. Moreover, the history of translating and spreading Russian literary works in Taiwan is intermittent, and there is no connection between translations made in different periods, the experience of previous translators is not always inherited by their successors. These factors certainly influenced ptomotion of Russian literature in Taiwan.